Latin: Stachys betonica
Synonyms: Wood betony, bishopswort, Stachys officinalis, Betonica officinalis.
Hairy perennial with woody stems 15-60cm tall.
Opposite toothed ovate leaves have small hairs.
Small purplish or crimson flowers appear in July and August are arranged in whorls or short spikes in the axils of upper leaves.
Parts used: Herb.
Betaine, choline, tannins
Headaches, lower back pain, temporal arteritis.
Nervous debility, lack of energy.
'Stachys' is derived from the Greek word for ear of corn – stacys, in reference to the form the flowers take.
Betony is thought to have derived from the Celtic words for head and good 'bew' and 'ton' because of it't common use for head complaints.
Was thought to give protection against evil spirits.