Mugwort

Wild mugwort, E Patten, 2019.

Wild mugwort, E Patten, 2019.

Latin: Artemisia vulgaris L.

Synonyms: St Johns plant, wild wormwood, felon herb

Botanical Description:

  • Perennial herb often found on road sides and wastelands.

  • Up to 1.5m tall and downy all over.

  • Leaves pinnatisect, 5-7 lobes, top surface green and underside silvery and downy.

Parts used: Herb.

Constituents:

  • Sesquiterpene lactones - vulgarin

  • Flavonoids

  • Coumarin derivatives

  • Volatile oil / triterpenes

Variegated mugwort, E. Patten, 2019.

Variegated mugwort, E. Patten, 2019.

Actions:

  • Nervine

  • Hormonal effect on menstrual system, emmenagogue

  • Diuretic, choleretic, bitter, antihelminthic, stomachic

  • Diaphoretic

  • Anti inflammatory

  • Mineral rich

Uses:

  • Menstrual regulation (pain, obstruction, delay) and menopause support.

  • Relaxing for Parkinson's related tremor or seizures.

  • Aid digestion and stimulate the appetite.

  • Antiparasitic for pinworm / threadworm / roundworm.

Safety:

  • Not safe during pregnancy or lactation.

  • Caution in large doses.

Folklore:

  • Common name is thought to derive from its use as a flavouring for beer before hops were in common use.

  • Another possible origin is a derivation from the old english 'Mucgwyrt' for 'midge herb' referring to its use as an insect repellent.