Latin: Verbascum thapsus L.

Mullein, by Gemma Costin, 2018.

Mullein, by Gemma Costin, 2018.

Synonyms: Great mullein, candlewort, candlewick, Aaron's rod, torches, velvet dock, our Lady's flannel, clot, lungwort, hag's taper.

Botanical Description:

  • Large basal rosette of large leaves up 15 – 30cm long covered in dense, soft white hairs so that the plant appears pale in colour and is thick to the touch.

  • Yellow flowers appear on a solitary tall stem up to 2m arising from the centre of the leaf rosette in the second year.

Parts used: Herb, flowers.


  • Iridoids

  • Mucilage

  • Flavonoids

  • Saponins

  • Volatile oil

  • Tannins


  • Demulcent, antitussive

  • Expectorant

  • Relaxant, mild sedative, mildly antispasmodic

  • Vulnerary

Mullein, Betty Patten, 2019.

Mullein, Betty Patten, 2019.


  • Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, hayfever, irritable respiratory conditions.

  • Topical (infused oil) for wounds, inflammation, sores, itching, piles.

  • Influenza.

  • Herpes simplex.


  • Generally thought to be safe.