Thyme

Latin: Thymus vulgaris L.

Botanical Description:

  • Perennial small bushy herb reaching 10 – 20cm at most.

  • Greenish grey leaves are opposite and elliptical up to 6mm long.

  • Flowers appear at the termination of the stems in whorls.

Parts used: Herb.

Constituents:

  • Volatile oil; containing thymol, etc.

  • Flavonoids.

  • Polyphenolic acids.

  • Polysaccharides.

Actions:

  • Carminative.

  • Antiseptic.

  • Antitussive, expectorant, spasmolytic.

Uses:

  • Coughs, bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infections.

  • Urinary tract antiseptic effective for UTIs.

  • Topically used in antirheumatic preparations.

  • Popularly used in mouthwashes.

Safety:

  • Thymol extract is toxic in large doses.